Sightworthy around Kashgar

The Abak Hoja Tomb

The Apak Hoja Tomb located 5 km north--east of Kashgar , it is an important cultural unit protected by the Kashgar government. As a tomb of the descendants of an Islamic missionary,it was built around 1640 .The legend has it that 72 persons in all of 5 generations of the same family were buried in the tomb. The first generation buried here was Yusuf Hoja, After he died,   his eldest son Apak Hoja carried on the missionary work and became the leader of the famous Islamic sect of white mountaineer during the seventeenth century which seized the power of the Yarkant for a time. Apak Hoja died in 1693 and was buried in the tomb. His reputation was greater than his father’s, so the tomb was renamed The Apak Hoja Tomb. The legend goes that among the Hoja descendans buried here, one of lady who was one of the concubines of the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong. She was called Xiangfei in Chinese name ( fragrant Imperial Concubine) because of the rich delicate fragrance of flower sent forth by her body. After she died, her remains was escorted back to Kashgar and was buried in the Apak Hoja Tomb. So, the Chinese people call the tomb--- Xiangfei Tomb ,But according to textual research, Xiangfei was not other than Rongfei, a concubine of Emperor Qian-long, and she was actually buried in the East Tombs of the Qing Dynasty in Hubei Province after she died.so now The legend there are two of Xiangfei Tombs in China.

The Id Kah Mosque

The Id Kah Mosque is Typical Uyghur structur, located in the center of Kashar and the largest mosque of Xinjiang, it was built in the middle of 15 cantury. More then 8000 worshippers attend religios service at the same time.
The Id Kah Mosque, 140 meters long from south to north and 120 meters from east to west, covers an area of 16,800 sq,there are meters and consists of the Hall of Prayer,the Doctrine-Teaching Hall, the gate tower, a pond and some other auxiliary structures. The gate of the mosque, built of yellow bricks with the joints of the brick work pointed with gysum, has distinct lines. On both side of the gate are eighteen-meter high round brick columns half embedded in the wall. On the top of the columns stands a tower where the imam would call out loudly at dawn every day to wake up the Muslims and summon them to attend service in the mosque.It is the rare sound in China . In the tree-graced courtyard,there is a pond, and on its bank many pottery pots are place to wash their hands ,faces,feet,and others before attending the service..     On Lesser Bairam and Corban, the biggest Islam festivals, the Uygur people gather on the square in front of the mosque to celebrate their festivals with jubilation.On those days Uyghur people dressed in their holiday best, danceSama, overflowing with enthusiasm, to the cheerful drum beats and music from early morning till the night.  Beside The mosque ,the kashgar government start dismiss old block and built some new buildings from 2003, this will be let some tourists feeling a little bit disappointment .

The old twon and daily market

Around the Id Kah Mosque, there are some special street still stand the old Uyghur styly building,all kinds of handicrafts made you can find around , the professions are coppersmiths, blacksmiths, carpenters, jewelers and cobblers,also you can find a street of hand made embroidered cap and wool made carpets, all kinds of local foods, fruits etc….,when you Walking through the narrow lanes of this old town ,many kids will say; hello.. hello to you, it will be evokes a scene from the Arabian Nights. Kashgar has remained sheltered from outside influences with locals who are very friendly and welcome.

The weekly Sunday Market

For tourists who come to kashgar before Sunday, I am sure no one can miss it, One of the most popular and the biggest in central Asia . the Sunday morning time ,a variety of ethnic groups like the Uyghur, Tajik, Kyrgyz and Kazakh to the streets of Kashgar. They come on foot, bike, donkey cart, horse cart, modern motorcycle, car or bus , all with the hope of selling them things and buying also. Of course you can Enjoy mingling with the locals and learn to sharpen your bargaining skills. such as various special localo products, handicrafts, articles of daily use , fruits and vegetables as well as means of production and all kinds of demestic animales. Riding donkeys or driving carts, farmers from the suburbs get downtown by early morning. It is really a scene of prosperrity with cheerful laughters and brisk buying and selling everywhere in the sunday market.
   The fascinating parst is animal section.Here you will see test-driven of hores,bargaining,and more.After that you will get a feeling that Nothing changes over the centures.but from 2001 the animals market moved outside twon southeast 8 kms , If you are interesting to buy a horse or a camel then ride to Pakistan or Kirghizstan, it will be much fun but hard journey.

The Karakuli Lake

It is 200km from Kashgar on the KaraKoram Highway with the elevation of more then 3000m above sea, the lake about 10 square kilometers in area,it is between Mt Muztagha Ata and Mt Kongur,the available bus move on more then 3200 metres hight,around the lake are Kirghiz herds people. Special in summer time the enchanting Karakuli Lake with breathtaking views of the Muztagata, reflected on the still lake with blue sky, you will never forget this wonderland place.if you have time can spend few days there for trekking, horse and camel ride will be wonderfull.

Tashkurghan

Since ancient times the Tajik people have lived in the Taxkorgan area in the Pamirs, which was both a gateway to China western frontier and a key communications center between the West and inland China.,even now it is the key road from kashgar to Pakistan,the new Kashgar custom is locate Taxkorgan also,bus from Kashgar to Pakistan and Pakistan bus to china all stop over night at here, They speak the Persian branch of the Indo European language family as well as the Uygur language. The written Uygur language is most commonly used. The Tajik nationality has maintained a long-standing friendship with the Han people. In 643 when Monk Xuan Zang of the Tang Dynasty brought home Buddhist scriptures from India , he stopped over in what is today Taxlorgan and listened to local Tajik fairy tales. Later he recorded these tales in his Note on the Western Region of the Great Tang Dynasty. In modern Chinese history the Tajik people often bore the brunt of imperialist and colonialist invasions of china western borders, and fought courageously to defend the frontier. So at anytime Taxkorgan is important pass for the Karakoram highway.

The stone city

The stone city is located the north–east of Tashkurghan, it was an ancient capital of ancient Puli Kingdom, one of the 36 in the western regions of the Han Deynasty,now in foot of the stone city living the local people, from Pamir hotel to there by walk only need round 10 minutes.

The Hanoi city and The Mor Pagoda

The mor pagoda is located 3 kilometers north of the Ruins of Hanoi city,form kashgar to there 35Kms, it was Buddhism worshipers of the ancient Shule Kingdom , According to textual research,  the city has a hiatory of more than 1500 years, The pagoda has three square layers, each a little smaller than the one below it. The bottom layer has circumfe-rence of more than forty-eight meters, the second layer forty meters and the third layer thirty-two meters, while the pagoda stands more than twelve meters high.
     The platform beside the pagoda was one of the central temple structures, and in its side walls were carved niches housing Buddha figurines. But now there are more figurines left, from kashgar to there, on the way almost oasis and locals people , pass a small market name is Haohan village, the people there are very friendly.

Yusuf Has Hajip Tomb

Yusuf Has Hajip Tomb is located on Sports Road, it is beside to Kashgar palaestra. ,he was a Uygur poet,scholar and thinker, was born in Balashagun in Karakhanid Dynasty,and later immigrated to Kashar. He wrote the long narrative phillosophic poem Kut-adku Bilik. After he died, he was buried in Badige, outside the city of Kashgar . His tomb was moved to its present site when it was threatened by the flooding of the Toman River.also it is easy for the local people reminiscence for him.

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